transducers, control systems, automatic, signals, component, device, remote, transmission, displacement, movement, electrical, magnetic, capacitance, pneumatic, flapper, nozzle, controller

Transducers - the remarkable changers

Home Registrar Newsletter Courses E-book References Shopping Seafaring About
Marine Links Glossary Skills Calculation Tools Ship

 transducers, control systems, automatic, signals, component, device, remote, transmission, displacement, movement, electrical, magnetic, capacitance, pneumatic, flapper, nozzle, controller

Engineering Articles

Transducers - The Remarkable Changers

By: Thomas Yoon

Complex control systems all make use of signals that can be easily measured and altered remotely. Automatically operated machines or actuators need to be powered either by electrical motors, pneumatic or hydraulic cylinders.

The most common signals sent out from a transducer are electrical current or voltage and pneumatic pressure. These signals are easily translated by controllers. Visual measuring devices like liquid bulb thermometers are not able to be used in automatic control systems because there are no electrical or pneumatic signals.

However, when some other component is added to it to enable it to give a corresponding signal, then the measuring unit becomes a transducer.

A transducer is a device to convert a signal (representing a physical quantity) of one form into a corresponding signal of another form, retaining the amplitude variations of energy being converted.

Just as an example, a microphone is a sound transducer (acoustic to electrical) and a loudspeaker is an electrical transducer (electrical to acoustic). A transducer may be an integral part of the measuring unit, for example pressure to displacement in a Bourdon pressure gauge. It may also be a separate unit converter especially suitable to change the signal to a better form for remote transmission, e.g. displacement to electrical in a differential transformer.

How do these transducers work?

To convert physical movement to electrical signals, some devices make use of variable resistors. Any movement will cause a slider contact to change position against a resistance wire causing a change in electrical current or voltage. Other devices may make use of the movement to alter the position of an induction coil relative to the magnetic core, causing a change in the induced current in the circuit. Others may make use of the movement to change the air gap between two capacitance plates, causing a change in the current in the circuit.

In the case of the loudspeaker, the opposite effect takes place. Electrical signals are converted to movement.

Some pneumatic transducers make use of changing air signals to cause a corresponding mechanical movement in the flapper and linkages. This movement is then converted to electrical signals by the methods above. So it takes 3 steps of conversion before we can get the electrical signal.

Once the electrical signal is obtained, it can be used to compare to the set value in the controller, and a whole control system can be designed from it.

Well folks, get your signals and be in control!

"What You Should Know About Travelling Make Ease"
The Smart Traveler prepares for Journeys into Unknown Territory. Foreign Travel requires More preparation.

 

 
Many years of working experience in Marine, Facilities, Construction has given the author material for writing e-books and articles related to engineering, and management. Subscribe to facworld ezine at mailto:facworld-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

More information at http://www.free-marine.com and http://www.free-engineering.com

 

 

  Training Job Leisure Skills Engrg Articles Places Links Ships  
Home Registrar Newsletter Courses E-book Articles References Shopping Seafaring About Us
Pleasure Sensations Advertise with Us E-book Design Web Design Survival Soviet Orient Travel Aids Seascape Cartoons
Marine Treasure Chest Navy Forex Trading Contact Us Link to Us Boating Safety Posters Story Telling Products
Search Flag Digital Fun 2002 - 2011 Thomas Yoon   Safety A-ware Offshore Surveys Search Colleges